Ovarian cancer symptoms are very vague and nonspecific.Usually patients have increasing abdominal size,bloating,pain in abdomen,problems with eating and bowels ,pain in abdomen etc.
Diagnosis is made by taking fluid out of the abdomen and checking it for cancer cells.If there is no fluid,then biopsy of the tumor is needed along with ultrasound,CT scan etc.Also blood tests like ca 125, which is a cancer marker in the blood ,is helpful in many patients ,to make a diagnosis.
Surgery is needed in most patients.However ,many times ,women need chemotherapy to shrink down the tumor and control and dry up the fluid in the abdomen. if the tumor is controlled with chemotherapy , then the surgery is done to get rid of the remaining cancer. At the time of surgery it’s very important to remove the ovaries , uterus and other lining of the abdomen like
omentum and other tumors present in the abdomen.
Sometimes it’s not possible to remove all the cancer with surgery or if the cancer has spread to other organs ,more chemotherapy is used to control the cancer.