If you receive blood transfusions, you should not take iron supplements. Doing so can cause a high amount of iron to build up in the body, which can be harmful.
Persons who receive significant numbers of blood transfusions need a treatment of Thalassemia called chelation therapy to remove excess iron from the body.
A bone marrow transplant may help treat the disease in some Thalassemia patients, especially children.
Doctors diagnose thalassemia using blood tests, with a complete blood count (CBC) and exceptional hemoglobin tests. A CBC methods the amount of hemoglobin and the changed kinds of blood cells, such as red blood cells, in a taster of blood.
Thalassemia treatment is the main health problem in Pakistan. It is the most prevalent hereditarily communicated blood disorder with a transporter rate of 5-8%; around 5000 children are diagnosed each year in the country. 1,2 The support of treatment is blood transfusion and iron chelation therapy.
Types of Thalassemia:
There are two major types:
- Alpha occurs when a gene or genes linked to the alpha globin protein are missing or changed.
- Beta befalls when similar gene defects affect the production of the beta-globin protein.
Thalassemia Symptoms And Causes
There are a few types of thalassemia symptoms. The signs and symptoms you have to be contingent on the type and harshness of your disorder.
Thalassemia causes are initiated by mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin — the constituent in red blood cells that carries oxygen through your body. The alterations associated are passed from parents to children.